Lately, the concept of CBD has become a general term to refer to a wide range of chemical compounds that both consumers and suppliers should understand well.

As the public's acceptance of cannabis products continues to rise and the list of countries decriminalizing medicinal and recreational use grows, a large number of consumers have been seeking CBD with the intention of relieving pain, anxiety and insomnia.

It is very important to note that today the acronym "CBD" is used to refer to a wide range of hemp products, but cannabidiol is only one of more than 160 identified therapeutic cannabinoids.

Among them, two of the ones that are gaining more popularity among the public are CBN (cannabinol) and CBG (cannabigerol).

CBN (cannabinol)

CBN, or cannabinol, is a chemical compound derived from the cannabis plant. It is one of more than 100 cannabinoids identified in the plant, although it is found in lower concentrations compared to CBD and THC. Despite being less well known, CBN has unique properties.

In the same way as CBD, CBN is also non-psychoactive, so it does not cause a "high" or "high".

It can be used effectively against insomnia and has been shown to help regulate the immune system, working to relieve pain and inflammation. CBN is produced naturally in both hemp and marijuana plants when THC-A is oxidized.

CBG (cannabigerol)

CBG is known as the "mother cannabinoid" because all other known cannabinoids are derived from it in nature. Among its benefits we find its ability to reduce inflammation, pain, and nausea.

Research has shown that it may work to slow the growth of cancer cells and significantly reduce eye pressure caused by glaucoma.

Although not as well known as CBD or THC, CBG is an important and valuable chemical compound in medical research and in the cannabis products industry. Unlike THC, CBG does not have psychoactive effects, which means that it does not produce feelings of euphoria or intoxication.

Safety and efficacy

As these cannabinoids gain popularity among both recreational and medical users, there are concerns about the legality and safety of cannabis and cannabinoid-based products.

Therefore, to ensure that a product is safe and effective, consumers and suppliers must carefully choose products from companies that provide the following certificates of analysis:

  • Total Cannabinoids: this ensures that the final product contains labeled cannabinoids in the amounts in which they are labeled. Furthermore, this establishes that the product does not exceed 0.3 percent Delta-9 THC by weight.

  • pesticides and herbicides : states that the product does not contain potentially toxic residues, herbicides or synthetic pesticides.

  • heavy metals : establishes that the product does not exceed acceptable levels of lead, cadmium, arsenic, mercury and others.

  • residual solvents : states that the product does not contain a potentially toxic residual solvent such as butane or hexane.

  • Microbials: indicates the absence of molds, yeasts and fungi in the product.

Additionally, truly therapeutic hemp products must be certified organic and free of genetically modified organisms, synthetic colors, flavors, and artificial sweeteners.

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